小学五年级英语一般过去时的用法

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小学五年级英文一般过去时的使用方法

  小学五年级英文一般过去时的使用方法

  定义  表明在的以往某一時间里所产生的姿势或存有的情况。一般在语句里寻找表明以往時间的词或短语。如:yesterday,yesterday morning,yesterday afternoon,yesterday evening,the day before yesterday(大前天),last night,last week,last month, last year,a moment ago(刚刚),just now(刚刚), two days ago,a week ago,in 1990等。  如: I went to bed at eleven last night. 昨天晚上我11:00入睡。  形容词过去式的组成规律性  (一)规则动词的过去式  1.一般状况下,在动词原形后边加-ed;  looklooked playplayed startstarted visitvisited  2.以不音标发音e末尾的形容词,在词尾立即加-d;  livelived useused  3.以辅音字母 y末尾的形容词,先将 y 改成i ,再加 ed;  studystudied, trytried flyflied  4.以重读闭音节(即元音辅音+元音音标+元音辅音)或r音节末尾,结尾只有一个辅音字母的形容词,要先双写这一辅音字母后,再加 ed。  stopstopped planplanned dropdropped  (二)不规则动词的过去式  1.更改形容词中的元音音标;  beginbegan drinkdrank comecame eatate growgrew runran knowknew winwon speakspoke taketook writewrote getgot  2.变词尾的d 为t ;  buildbuilt lendlent sendsent spendspent bendbent  3.与动词原形一样;  cutcut putput costcost hurthurt shutshut  4.变-ay 为-aid (极少数形容词);  saysaid paypaid laylaid  5.聘请不一样词性转换;  sellsold teachtaught buybought  6.别的。  am/iswas arewere have/hashad dodid  加-ed后的字读音方式  1.ed加进清辅音后边读/t/。  finished /-t/help /-t/asked /-t/  2.ed加进浊辅音或元音音标末尾的,读/d/。  played /-d/lived /-d/enjoyed /-d/  3.ed加进/t/或/d/后边,读/id/。  wanted /-tid/needed /-did/visited /-tid/  句型转变  (一)一般过去时的一般疑问句  1.把was, were放到句首,其他部位不会改变。由Was??正确引导的一般疑问句,肯定答为:Yes, was. 否定回答为:No,. wasnt. 由Were??正确引导的一般疑问句,肯定回应为:Yes, were. 否定回答为:No, werent.  如:  (1)I was at home. Were you at home?  Yes, I was. (肯定回应) No, I wasnt. (否定回答)  (2)They were at Li Yans home last night.  Were they at Li Yans home last night?  Yes, they were. (肯定回应) No, they werent. (否定回答)  2.在行为动词的语句中,要用助动词词did来正确引导,其他的词序不会改变。要留意的是,要把行为动词的过去式改成原型。肯定回应为:Yes, ?did. 否定回答:No, ?didnt.  如:John played computer games last night.Did John play computer games last night?  Yes, he did. (肯定回应) No, he didnt. (否定回答)  (二)一般过去时的否定句  1.在表明以往存有的情况的语句中,相连在was, were的后边再加not。  如:  (1)He was in the park the day before yesterday.  He was not in the park the day before yesterday.  (2)We were busy last week.  We were not busy last week.  2.在表明以往的時间产生的姿势的语句中,要在行为动词的前边加助动词didnt.随后把过去式的行为动词改成动词原形。即:didnt 动词原形。  如:  (1)She played the violin last night.  She didnt play the violin last night.  (2)They swam in the lake yesterday.  They didnt swim in the lake yesterday.  (三)、一般过去式的特殊疑问句  1.What did ? ?(主要是了解以往发生什么事事儿,留意要把过去式改成动词原形。)  We ate Chinese food last night.  What did we eat last night?  2.Where did ?( 主要是了解以往事儿产生的地区。)  They sang and dance in the music room yesterday morning.  Where did they sing and dance yesterday morning?  3.Who 形容词过去式 ? ?( 主要是了解以往事儿产生的角色。)  Mike and Tom climbed mountains last weekend.  Who climbed mountains last weekend?  二、句子成分  1.在表明某一時间里存有的情况的语句,系动词使用过式was,were组成。  如:  (1)I was at home yesterday. 昨日一个人在家。  (2)We were in the gym just now. 刚刚我们在体育场馆。  2.在表明以往某一時间里产生的姿势,用形容词的过去式组成。  如:I visited my uncle yesterday. 昨日我拜会了我的叔叔。  3.各种各样句型   (1)一般过去时的肯定陈述句:  主语 +形容词过去式 + 宾语或表语。  Heworkedin Shanghai ten years ago.  (2)一般过去时的否定句:  a.主语 + didnt + 动词原形 + 宾语。 (did not = didn't)  He didn't domorning exercisesyesterday.  b.主语 + wasnt/werent +表语。(was not = wasn't were not = weren't)  He wasn'tan English teacher ten years ago.  (3)一般过去时的一般疑问句:  a.Did + 主语 + 动词原形 + 宾语 ?  Didyou study English in 1990 ?  b.Was/Were 主语 + 表语 ?  Was hea pupil five years ago ?  (4)一般过去时的特殊疑问句:  a.特殊疑问词 + did 主语+ 动词原形 + 宾语?  Wheredidyour parents live five years ago?  Whatdidyoudo last Sunday?  b.特殊疑问词 + were/was + 表语?  Whowasat the zoo yesterday?

(小编:英文李老师)